By Abraham Mendis Gunasekara
Excerpt from A finished Grammar of the Sinhalese Language: tailored for using English Readers and Prescribed for the Civil carrier Examinations
HE absence of a complete Grammar of the Sinhalese Language suited for the necessities of English readers steered to me a few years in the past the desirability of getting ready the sort of paintings.
The manuscript was once accomplished in June, 1885. In 1888 sanction was once acquired for its being revealed on the Govern ment Press. considering then numerous motives have not on time its factor.
Whatever relaxation i've been capable, as a central authority legitimate, to dedicate to literary paintings, has no longer been spared in a conscientious endeavour to render the publication necessary of its item. I humbly belief that my efforts haven't been altogether unsuccessful.
In the guidance of the current Grammar i've got availed myself of a number of works on Sinhalese Grammar, by way of either historical and glossy authors. it's been written in a sort most sensible tailored to fit people who find themselves accustomed to eu Grammars. because of the multiplicity of ex amples and causes, and the advent of a few topic no longer possibly strictly appertaining to the province of a Grammar, yet prone to be of use, its scope has handed the limits initially meditated.
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Additional info for A comprehensive grammar of the Sinhalese language,: Adapted for the use of English readers and prescribed for the civil service examinations
S'y ajoute la description du luxe qui s'étale devant lui et qui ne lui est pas accessible. Malgré son origine étrangère, l'influence de l'ordre des mots français sur la disposition réciproque des membres primaires de la phrase ne sera pas limitée à une pratique ancienne. Elle faussera bon nombre de descriptions tout au cours du XIX siècle (et même dans de nombreuses études de la première moitié du XX siècle), jusqu'à ce que certains linguistes russes comme Krushel'nickaja, Sirotinina, Kovtunova, Raspopov et d'autres, à la lumière des travaux de différents représentants de l' Ecole de Prague d'après-guerre, tels Mathesius, Firbas, Danes, Sgall, ne prennent conscience de la spécificité de l'ordre des mots du russe, si proche de celui du tchèque, langue à flexion et de la même famille.
The permanence of patterns and non-linear pathways in linguistic change is also focussed in the paper by Rosenbach & Vezzosi which concerns the genitival constructions in Early Modern English. On the basis of rich textual documentation, the authors detect a trend in the history of the s-genitive which contradicts the widely accepted account, and argue for a very gradual substitution of the inflected genitive by the of-prepositional phrase. Their results lead not only to a new proposal for the overall configuration of the change - with a stagnation and a successive rise in the frequency of the structure - but also for a new chronology of the entire process.
Peut-être est-ce dû aussi au fait que le participe équivaut fonctionnellement à une proposition relative, qui elle est toujours postposée à son antécédent (au moins dans le discours écrit)? La rigueur des normes grammaticales connaît des dérogations dues à l'intervention du principe pragmatique, dont nous parlerons plus loin en détail, lorsque le membre secondaire et le membre principal dont il dépend ont des rôles pragmatiques différents: ainsi le syntagme bilet v teatr pourra être disloqué, avec position du membre secondaire au début absolu de la phrase (ce qui s'accompagnera d'une mélodie montante spécifique et même d'une pause).
A comprehensive grammar of the Sinhalese language,: Adapted for the use of English readers and prescribed for the civil service examinations by Abraham Mendis Gunasekara