By William Marsden
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Additional resources for A grammar of the Malayan language
This is the major reason why a given person marker may be treated as a clitic under one analysis and as bound form under another. In this work, the variable host criterion will be viewed as deﬁnitive of clitic status. Thus forms which are always tied to a particular host, be it only loosely, will be treated as bound. This does not, however, include person markers such as those in Djaru (48) and various other Australian languages which are always attached to a special catalyst particle. ’ Such person markers are typically treated by Australianists as clitics and this is also the analysis which I have adopted.
17) Japanese (Noguchi 1997:777) tiisai/sinsetuna/ookii kare small /kind/big he ‘∗ small/kind/big he’ a. b. ’ (=boyfriend) c. kono kare this he ‘∗ this he’ Modiﬁcation by a restrictive relative clause is allowed as well. ’ However, like the Polish forms, the Japanese person forms are necessarily referential. They cannot, for example, be construed as bound variables, as shown by the ungrammaticality of (19b) as compared to (19a). ’ a. b. ’ Introduction While this property is a pronominal one, it is outweighed by all the other nominal characteristics that the forms in question display.
He and Ian’s younger brother are doing it. They selected her and that French woman who we met last week. So do the possessive forms mine, yours, ours but not the possessive determiners. (6) a. b. ∗ Sally’s mother and mine have turned vegetarian. My and Jack’s parents are holidaying in France. Another commonly used criterion for independent word status is the possibility of being deleted under appropriate discourse conditions. One may expect whole words to be subject to deletion but not parts of words.
A grammar of the Malayan language by William Marsden