By Irina Nikolaeva
The e-book is the 1st enormous description of Tundra Nenets, a Uralic language spoken in Western Siberia and the north of ecu Russia. It offers an enduring piece of documentation of this hugely endangered language. For a language as little researched as Nenets, any point of grammar might end up to be of strength importance for the sector of linguistics and switch out to be theoretically not easy.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Tundra Nenets
2SG)’. In this grammar the basic form of grammatical morphemes is only represented with the ə variant, but the reader should assume that their allomorphs may contain ° due to regular reduction. In some cases, however, the reduced ° appears in an odd non-ﬁnal syllable, where it may stand in phonological contrast with ə, and is therefore treated as a distinct phoneme by Salminen (1997). For instance, ° can appear in vowel sequences and after glides in the third syllable as in səwa-xəna ‘good (LOC)’ vs.
Səwa yer ‘the very centre (of)’. There are a few unique noun-like morphemes which only exist in a bound form as parts of compounds; on them see Salminen (1998a: 19–20). e. in prior work on the language) called ‘destinative’ or ‘predestinative’. The latter expresses a TAM-like category in the possessive noun phrase. In the predicative function nouns take subject agreement, largely identical to that found in the verbal subject paradigm, as well as past tense, identical to verbal tense. g. 2), and productively derive non-ﬁnite forms, which predicative nouns do not have.
Stem-ﬁnal consonants can be -b, -r, -m and -l. 2). 2, there are also t/d- and s-ﬁnal stems that show neutralization: the stem-ﬁnal consonant alternates with q before a consonant or in the prepausal position, so the two stem types only contrast before a vowel. Similarly, nand ŋ-ﬁnal stems only contrast before a vowel because of the change n ŋ > h or Ø. g. LOC). Salminen (1997: 78) illustrates the diﬀerence between the three types of nasal-ﬁnal stems which show neutralization in the basic nominative singular form in the following way: NOM SG NOM PL ACC PL ‘dog’ ‘mouth’ ‘blanket’ weh wen°q weno nʹah nʹa°q nʹaŋo toh toy°q toyo 24 Phonology Similar stem types occur in verbs, except that ŋ-ﬁnal verbs do not exist.
A Grammar of Tundra Nenets by Irina Nikolaeva