By Sanford C. Goldberg
Sanford Goldberg argues right account of the verbal exchange of data via speech has anti-individualistic implications for either epistemology and the philosophy of brain and language. partly 1 he deals a unique argument for anti-individualism approximately brain and language, the view that the contents of one's techniques and the meanings of one's phrases rely for his or her individuation on one's social and normal surroundings. partially 2 he discusses the epistemic measurement of data conversation, arguing that the epistemic features of communication-based ideals rely on positive factors of the cognitive and linguistic acts of the subject's social friends. In acknowledging an ineliminable social size to brain, language, and the epistemic different types of information, justification, and rationality, his e-book develops basic hyperlinks among externalism within the philosophy of brain and language, at the one hand, and externalism is epistemology, at the different.
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Additional resources for Anti-Individualism: Mind and Language, Knowledge and Justification
22 For in that case, the reliability of the testimony would be reliability regarding the truth of a content that, if it bears an interesting logical or semantic relation to the content that the hearer came to believe, does so only fortuitously. The fortuitousness here reflects the fact that the case was one of misunderstanding: even if it turned out that the hearer’s belief (based on her misunderstanding the speaker) was true, this would be an accident, and in any case it would not reflect the reliability of the testimony she aimed to accept.
In that case Hallie is not indifferent to Steve’s epistemic perspective. On the contrary, Hallie’s knowledge that it is sunny (if she has attained such) depends on the epistemic features of Steve’s testimony. This reflects the fact that Hallie is relying on Steve to have testified in a normatively acceptable way. But now suppose that Steve’s testimony was normatively acceptable, and that Hallie was entitled to so regard it (which at a minimum involves Hallie’s epistemic reliance here being reliably discriminating; see chapter 6 for further discussion).
For, given that the hearer in his example does not grasp the technical meaning of the term ‘incomplete’, what else but the norms of the public language serve to fix the concept expressed by that term, and so serve to determine the content she knows through accepting her co-lingual’s testimony?
Anti-Individualism: Mind and Language, Knowledge and Justification by Sanford C. Goldberg